U.S. imports of honey continue to rise as American production declines.  New data from Economic Research Service shows imports have exceeded domestic honey production since 2005 and accounted for 74% of total U.S. honey supplies in 2021.  Over the last 30 years, U.S. honey production has declined by around 1.4% per year, while honey imports have grown by 7.6% per year, filling the domestic supply deficit.

The top three foreign suppliers—India, Vietnam, and Argentina—supply more than 71% of imported honey.  Honey imports have expanded with rising domestic consumption of honey and honey-sweetened products.  This expansion reached an all-time high in 2021, when domestic production was at the lowest volume since 1991.

In 2021, production in all three major honey-producing States, North Dakota, South Dakota, and California, were 25% lower than their 1991 levels, while production in the rest of the states declined by almost half during the same period.

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