New research from ERS shows global food insecurity increased by nearly 10% in fiscal year 2022.  USDA’s International Food Security Assessment model estimates how food prices and incomes affect food demand and access in 77 low- and middle-income countries.  Food security is then evaluated by estimating the population unable to access sufficient calories to sustain a healthy, active lifestyle.


Of the people in countries included in the 2022 assessment, almost 119 million more people are estimated to be food insecure compared to 2021.  The upward trend in international prices for wheat, coarse grains, and vegetable oils during the 2021-22 marketing year has been further exacerbated by Russia's military invasion of Ukraine, which reduced exports of the commodities from the Black Sea region.  Domestic prices of major grains in 2022 are projected to rise in 70 of the 77 countries included in the assessment, with the North Africa region being the most affected.


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